Sistine Chapel is a Chapel in Apostolic Palace, official residence of the Pope in Vatican City. Originally known as Cappella Magna, name after Pope Sixtus 4 after restoration between 1477 and 1480.
Fame came from the decoration of the interior and particularly the Chapel Ceiling and The last judgments day by Michelangelo.
In 1508 and 1512, with the support, encouragement and privilege given by the Pope Julius 11; Michelangelo painted Sistine Chapel ceiling, masterpiece without preceding time, order and importance and it is the course to change western art.
Michelangelo’s painting has drawn huge visitors to the chapel.
First decoration of the chapel is blue, studded with gilt stars and decorative borders of the architectural pendentives and was replaced by Michelangelo painting.
Penditives: A curved triangle of vaulting formed by the intersection of a dome with its supporting arches
Born in small village of Caprice in 1475, the son of government administrator grew up in Florence, center of the Renaissance movement, become apprentice at the age of 13.
He then follow Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florentine republic and likes arts. After demonstrating his talent and mastery in sculpture such as Pieta in 1498 and David in1504, he was asked go to Rome to paint Sistine Chapel ceiling.
Michelangelo’s epic frescoes, need few years to finish painting, most memorable work featuring figures are nine panels related to biblical world history including creation of Adam and arms of God reaching out to Adams his painting on Sistine Chapel ceiling completed in 1512.
Frescoes: Painting done rapidly in watercolor on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling, so that the colors penetrate the plaster and become fixed as it dries.
He then returned to Rome, after 15 years work as an architect in Florence. He died in 1564 at the age of 88.
1952- United States test the world’s first thermonuclear weapon, hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok atoll in Pacific. The test gave an opportunity for United States to have an advantage in nuclear arms race with Soviet Union.
1950- Gris Elio Torresola and Oscar Collazo try to assassinate President Harry S. Truman at Blair House in Washington, D.C. President Truman escaped the incident without suffering any injury, damage, or harm.
1755- Devastating earthquake takes heavy toll on Lisbon, killing 50,000. After the earthquake incident the city was rebuilt from scratch. Lisbon is the capital city of Portugal and the largest city during 18th century. Diamonds and gold gave Portuguese colony in Brazil wealthy.
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