1954- On this day Ellis Island closed its door. Ellis Island located at Upper New York Bay in Port of New York and New Jersey.
It was the gateway for millions immigrant to United States and is the busiest immigrant inspection station since 1892 to 1954.
The Island land reasserting a right between 1892 and 1934, earlier, the Island is small and it was the site of Fort Gibson and later become naval magazine.
Island was made part of Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965 and hosted museum of immigration since 1990 and is consider part of New York.
However in 1998, United States Supreme Court found most of the Island is in New Jersey.
Entire Island is closed to general public and owned by U.S. federal government since 1808 and operated by National Park Service in 1965.
Since September 11, 2001 the island guarded by marine patrol unit, public can access by ferry from Commune Terminal in Liberty State Park and Battery Park at southern tip of Manhattan.
The island was closed after Hurricane Sandy strike in October 2012 and the Island and museum reopened to public on October 28 2013 after the renovation complete. Somehow the Island is not fully functional due to continuing repairs.
Originally the west shore of Upper New York Bay have large tidal flats and have lots of oyster is a major source of food for Lenape population who live in the area. Oyster would become major source of food for three centuries.
There are few Islands and are not completely dive at the sea although most of them are submerged. But three were known as Liberty, Black Tom and Ellis were named Oyster Island by settlers of New Netherland, first European colony in Mid-Atlantic States.
Ellis Island was name after the name of Samuel Ellis the owner in 1770s
To be sold by Samuel Ellis
“Green Street, at the north river near Bear Market, That pleasant situated Island named Oyster Island lying in New York Bay, near Powles’s Hook, together with all its improvements which are considerable.
-Samuel Ellis advertising in Loudon’s New York January 20 1785
On January 2 1892 a 15 year old Annie Moore become first person to pass Ellis Island and President Benjamin Harrison declare America first federal immigration center in 1890 before that the processing immigrant handled by individual states.
1775- Upon hearing England rejection of so-called Olive Branch Petition in 1775 Abigail Adams wrote to her husband and says “let us separate, there unworthy to be our Brethren. Let us renounce them and instead of supplicating as formerly for their prosperity and happiness, Let us beseech the almighty t blast their councils and bring to Naught all their devices.”
1777- Second Continental Congress approved Articles of Confederation, precursor to U.S. Constitution
“It’s not tyranny we desire; it’s a just, limited, federal government.”
1864- Union General William T. Sherman orders business district of Atlanta, Georgia to be destroyed before he go on into his famous March to the sea.
1996- High school sweethearts murder their newborn child. Young lovers Amy Grossber and Brian Peterson check into Delaware motel and gave birth to a 6 pound, 2 ounce baby. Later they found a dead baby in a trash container behind the motel; this strange and unsettling story drew public attention.
2004- Scott Peterson is convicted of murdering his wife Laci and their unborn son. The jury consists of six men and six women gave the verdict that Laci Peterson disappeared on Christmas Eve from Modesto, California.
1978- In Katunayake, Sri Lanka 183 were killed and 79 survived when Icelandic Airlines flight crashed when the plane try to land during heavy rain.
1981- In Merida, Mexico 48 were killed and 70 injured when tall building collapsed during political rally.
2001- Plane crashes in Rockaway, New York. American flight out of John F. Kennedy Airport and crashed into Queens after takeoff killing 265 on board.
1799- Andrew Ellicott Douglass, an astronomer born in Vermont, witnesses’ first meteor shower from a ship off Florida Keys.
1948- International war crimes tribunal in Tokyo pass death sentenced on seven Japanese military and government official including General Hideki Tojo.
1980- After three years launching U.S. planetary probe Voyager 1 flies near Saturn.
1927- Josef Stalin takes full control of Soviet Union and Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Communist Party.